Vocabulary and Spelling

Vocabulary from Latin and Greek Roots: A study of Word Families (ROOTS)

It's Greek to Me!

Study Stack: Latin and Greek Roots

Root Words: Fun Brain

Root Words

Root Word Practice Quiz

Greek and Latin Root Skills

Greek and Latin Root Power Point

Frayer Model for Vocabulary

Frayer Model for Vocabulary
The Frayer Model is a strategy that uses a graphic organizer for vocabulary building. This technique requires students to (1) define the target vocabulary words or concepts, and (2) apply this information by generating examples and non-examples. This information is placed on a chart that is divided into four sections to provide a visual representation for students. This instructional strategy promotes critical thinking and helps students to identify and understand unfamiliar vocabulary. The Frayer Model can be used with the entire class, small groups, or for individual work. The Frayer Model draws on a student's prior knowledge to build connections among new concepts and creates a visual reference by which students learn to compare attributes and examples.

Create and use the strategy

Pre-select a list of key vocabulary from a reading selection or content area. The Frayer Model should be explained and a graphic organizer provided to each student. Then direct students to complete the template individually, in small groups or as a whole class. Model the type and quality of desired answers for the specific concept.


Concept Map
A Concept Map is just one kind of graphic organizers help students to visualize the relationships between words and their possible meanings.

Word Detective
This graphic organizer requires students to use context clues and other information to formulate a personal meaning for a word. It can be used as a classroom assessment for learning because a teacher can immediately tell if a student can understand and create a definition based on how a word is used in a sentence.


Tribond Vocabulary Development
The game requires students to determine the common bond from a list of three items. The words on the list and common bond that students are to determine would be related to a topic that is in the content being taught at the time. Students must be able to think about vocabulary words in ways that were not provided by the definitions, lab experiences, worksheets, or teacher descriptions.

Effective Vocabulary Instruction for Gifted Students

Writing Ways for Spelling Words
Writing Ways for Spelling Words.docx
Lists for Enrichment and Acceleration
2015 Rules for Local Spelling Bees.pdf
2015 Spell It full-color booklet.pdf
Complete Set of Vocab Lists(1).pdf

Differentiated Spelling Homework Ideas
1. Write jokes using at least half of your spelling words.
2. Write a tongue twister for each of your spelling words.
3. Write each spelling word. Next to the word, write a synonym and antonym.
4. Write a mnemonic sentence for each spelling word to help you remember how to spell them.
  • Example: "Ocean" Otters can eat all night.
5. Write a T.V. commercial for your favorite toy or other item. Use at least ½ of the spelling words and be able to perform it for the class. The written commercial must be over half a page long.
6. Create a comic strip and write captions using all your words. Underline your words. This should be colorful.
7. Write a poem, song, or rap with at least 8-10 of your words.